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Three things to know about Sir John A. Macdonald Day

It's Sir John A. Macdonald's birthday today. Read a few facts about our founding father. Photo: Metro Creative Connection

January 11 is the birthday of Canada's founding father, the Rt Hon. Sir John A. Macdonald. Here's a few 'did you know?' details about the man, according to the Government of Alberta.

1) During Macdonald's first term as Canada’s first prime minister, Manitoba, the North-West Territories (including today’s Alberta and Saskatchewan), British Columbia and Prince Edward Island joined the original four provinces. Macdonald set about uniting these regions via one of Canada's greatest feats of engineering – the Canadian Pacific Railway.

2) John A. Macdonald founded the Northwest Mounted Police, which secured Canadian sovereignty in the West and prepared the way for settlement. And his National Policy encouraged immigration, agriculture in the West, industry in the East, and the movement of goods and people across the country.

3) He is the only prime minister to have led six majority governments. His 19 years is the second-longest service as prime minister of Canada. As Richard Gwyn, his modern biographer, wrote: “No Macdonald, no Canada.”