In the late 1980s, the federal government banned all cigarette ads — photos making a carcinogenic product look appealing went against public health advice. Now, many physicians are saying the same should apply to fossil fuel advertising.
On Wednesday, the Canadian Association of Physicians for the Environment (CAPE) sent a letter to the federal government calling for a ban on fossil fuel advertising. The group argues such advertising misleads people by skirting around the health and environmental impacts of coal, oil and gas. Co-signatories include the College of Family Physicians of Canada, the Canadian Federation of Nurses Unions, Doctors of BC and others representing over half a million health workers across the country.The advocacy group also co-ordinated the launch of the Fossil Fuel Ads Make Us Sick campaign.
Ideally, the ban would put a stop to advertising products like gas utilities and gas-powered vehicles. CAPE would also like to see disclaimers and regulations around any other advertising involving fossil fuels.However, fossil fuel ads aren’t as cut and dried as cigarette advertising, explains Dr. Melissa Lem, a family physician in Vancouver and president-elect of CAPE. A picture of a family around a gas stove, an SUV driving down a rolling hillside and gas stations boasting their carbon-neutral campaigns all fit the bill of misleading and harmful advertising, she said.
“It's hiding the health dangers of fossil fuel use inside our homes, in vehicles and also the wider risks of the climate,” said Lem.
“So we just want there to be more truth in advertising. We want consumers to know what the risks are and for them not to be obscured.”
Lem said people in the health industry are broadly concerned with the effect fossil fuels are having on indoor and outdoor air pollution and, therefore, human health. At the same time, advertising allows the fossil fuel industry to greenwash its reputation and encourages people to use more oil and gas. Up to 34,000 people die prematurely in Canada each year due to fossil fuel air pollution, according to a study done by Harvard. Most of those deaths would have been from cardiovascular and respiratory disease, as well as cancer, explained Lem.
She also points to gas stoves, which have nitrogen dioxide levels 50 to 400 per cent higher than their electric counterparts, leading to higher levels of air pollution in homes and higher asthma rates in children.
Specifically, the campaign is calling for a ban on advertising by fossil fuel companies, but also disclaimers on images that show things like gas stoves or gas-guzzling cars.
“First of all, we don't want this advertising to be permitted. But at the same time, if these images are going to be out there, they should come with disclaimers about the health risks of climate change, about the health risks of indoor air pollution from burning fossil fuels,” she said.
Amsterdam became the first city in the world to ban fossil fuel advertising in 2021.
In Canada, Regina’s city council attempted a similar ban but was met with too much opposition and it didn’t pass.For Jacqueline Avanthay-Strus, president of the Canadian Association of Nurses for the Environment, a Canada-wide ban on fossil fuel advertising is our “collective responsibility.”
“Fossil fuels affect those who are least able to protect themselves or have a choice in protecting themselves, including those living in poverty and racialized populations who are most likely to live in areas of increased air pollution related to fossil fuels,” she said.